AskDefine | Define rationale

Dictionary Definition

rationale n : (law) an explanation of the fundamental reasons (especially an explanation of the working of some device in terms of laws of nature); "the rationale for capital punishment"; "the principles of internal-combustion engines" [syn: principle]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /ræʃəˈnɑːl/

Etymology

From rationale (rationalis).

Noun

  1. an explanation of the basis or fundamental reasons for something
  2. a justification or rationalization for something
  3. a liturgical vestment worn by Christian bishops of various denominations

Translations

an explanation of the basis or fundamental reasons for something
a justification or rationalization for something
a liturgical vestment worn by Christian bishops of various denominations

Extensive Definition

A rationale is a liturgical vestment worn by clergy, in particular by Bishops, in the Roman Catholic Church which uses full vestments. It is humeral ornament, a counterpart to the Pallium, and is worn over the chasuble. It is a large clasp, made of precious metal and ornamented with diamonds, whose edges are adorned with small bells. The word is more commonly used to mean an explanation of the basis or fundamental reasons for something.
During the Middle Ages it was worn by the Bishops of Würzburg, Ratisbon, Eichstätt, Naumburg, Halberstadt, Paderborn, Minden, Speier, Metz, Augsburg, Prague, Olmutz, Liège, and Toul. Its use largely died out in the 13th century, although there is evidence that it was worn at Reims until the 16th century. Some rationales can be found preserved at Bamberg and Ratisbon. The earliest pictures of rationales that exist are two pictures of Bishop Sigebert of Minden, a miniature and an ivory tablet, which were both incorporated in a Mass Ordo belonging to the Bishop.
The only Bishops that wear rationales in the 21st century are the Bishops of Eichstätt, Paderborn, Toul, and Kraków. The modern rationale is a humeral collar, ornamented in the front and back with appendages.
Rationales are occasionally still worn by Bishops in the Celtic Christian Orthodox Church, a small community with historical links to the Old Catholic independent movement and Eastern Orthodoxy.
The rationale is named after the breast ornament of a Jewish high-priest, which was a wooden brooch, overlaid with enamelled metal, fastened high up on the breast of chasubles that had no central orphreys.

References

rationale in German: Rationale (Würdezeichen)
rationale in Polish: Racjonał
rationale in Russian: Рационал
rationale can also be a reason for a chioce or decision

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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